George W Citroner

Copy Editor, Copywriter, Technical Writer, Writer

Medical Copywriter & Journalist

I write breaking news and features for Medscape/WebMD and Healthline. I also write and edit fitness articles for Livestrong and provide copywriting for various medical and health brands.
Content Types
Article, Blog Post, Interview, Whitepaper
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CUNY Hunter College, BSc
New York, NY, USA|English

Medical/Health Journalism

7 Simple Ways You Can Lower Your Risk of Diabetes

There are seven lifestyle choices we can make that will reduce our risk of heart disease, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). And a new study finds that following as few as four of them can also help prevent diabetes. According to new research from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, adults who followed at least 4 of the 7 AHA guidelines were 70 percent less likely to develop diabetes over 10 years.

January, 16 2019
One-Time Cannabis Use May Alter Teen Brains

Using marijuana even once or twice can significantly alter the grey matter volume (GMV) in several parts of the developing brains of teens, new research suggests. After analyzing data from a large research program assessing adolescent brain development and mental health, investigators found that brain regions rich in cannabinoid receptors are significantly affected in teens who reported very little cannabis use.

January, 14 2019
Risk of Alzheimer’s May Be Higher in Older Adults With Sleep Problems

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis say that older people who spend less time in slow-wave sleep — the sleep phase you need to wake up feeling rested — show increased levels of a brain protein called tau that’s associated with Alzheimer’s disease. “Our project is the first to show an association between slow-wave sleep and tau in very early Alzheimer’s disease,” said Dr. Brendan Lucey, an assistant professor of neurology, director of the Washington University Sleep Medicine Center, and lead author of the study.

January, 13 2019
Antibiotic Ointment May Reduce Staph Infections for Newborn Infants

Newborns are vulnerable to all types of infections, and some are life-threatening. Researchers now say they may have come up with a simple solution that can significantly reduce the risk.

January, 7 2019
The Year's Don't-Miss News in Contraception

From a controversial implant recently pulled from the US market to new rules that will limit access to contraceptives previously ensured by the Affordable Care Act, 2018 brought major developments in contraception. Essure is two small metal coils designed to cause sterilization. Once inserted into the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs to the uterus, scar tissue forms around the coils, blocking sperm from reaching the eggs.

December, 27 2018
Sexual Minorities More Likely to Self-Harm

Self-harming activities and depression are more common in sexual minority youth than in heterosexual youth, new research suggests. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) for more than 4800 adolescents, investigators found that at age 10 years, those who identified as sexual minorities or who were unsure of their sexual orientation were more likely to experience symptoms of depression than heterosexual youth.

December, 27 2018
Prostate Cancer Risk Higher For Men with Diseases Such as Crohn’s

Crohn’s disease is a painful digestive condition that has been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. But according to a recent study, that’s not the only worry. A 20-year study from Northwestern Medicine in Illinois finds that men with inflammatory bowel disease may have a 4 to 5 times greater risk of developing prostate cancer. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic condition that tends to worsen gradually with time. Almost 2 million people in the United States experience some form of IBD. “Inflammatory bowel disease is on the rise worldwide, the exact reasons why remain unclear,” Dr. Hardeep Singh, gastroenterologist at St. Joseph Hospital in Southern California, told Healthline.

December, 16 2018
Researchers say air pollution may increase risk of autism

Researchers say air pollution may increase risk of autism - In recent years there have been a lot of studies claiming to have found a link between one thing or another and an increased risk of ASD. Acetaminophen, sold under the brand name Tylenol, is a good example. Research published in the American Journal of Epidemiology concluded there’s evidence that using acetaminophen for 28 days or more during pregnancy was linked with a 20 percent increase. Sound scary? Of course it does — but is it as bad as it sounds? Maybe not.

December, 9 2018
How to Lose Weight With Apple Cider Vinegar Before Bed

Apple cider vinegar - will it really help you lose weight? I interviewed Dr. Colette Heimowitz, nutritionist and VP of Nutrition Communication & Education at Atkins Nutritionals for LIVESTRONG.COM to find out.

December, 7 2018
Cancers Caused by HPV Can Be Reduced with Home Test Kit

Paul Reiter, co-lead researcher and associate professor of health behavior and health promotion at Ohio State University, told Healthline the study was designed to “test a mail-based HPV self-testing program for underscreened women in order to examine the feasibility and acceptability of this screening strategy.”

December, 5 2018
Researchers Say Air Pollution May Increase Risk of Autism

Two new studies have found an association between relatively low levels of air pollution and children’s risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). One study, published in JAMA Pediatrics, studied 132,000 births in Vancouver, Canada, from 2004 to 2009. Researchers concluded there was a link between exposure to nitric oxide from car exhaust during pregnancy and greater incidence of childhood ASD.

December, 2 2018
Unique Brain Pattern May Predict Schizophrenia Conversion

A unique brain marker on fMRI may be associated with an increased likelihood of developing schizophrenia later in life. The findings may facilitate much earlier diagnosis of the disorder. The study of more than 200 participants in China showed a threefold psychosis conversion rate for those who were deemed at clinically high risk (CHR) for schizophrenia and who displayed abnormal modular organization on baseline brain imaging.

November, 16 2018
Why Diabetes Increases the Risk of Heart Disease

A campaign has been launched to educate people with type 2 diabetes about heart disease and what they can do to reduce their risk.

November, 14 2018
This Smartphone App Could Save Your Life If You’re Having a Heart Attack

“This app can speed a patient’s decision to seek care, enabling doctors to act immediately. Reducing the delay to treatment by even an average of an hour could cut the mortality rate in half,” Dr. J. Brent Muhlestein, lead investigator of the study and a cardiovascular researcher at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute, told Healthline.

November, 11 2018
Does a Common Heart Medication Raise Your Risk for Lung Cancer?

Researchers say ACE inhibitors can increase your lung cancer risk, but other experts say the benefits outweigh the risks.

November, 6 2018
CSF Testing May Rapidly Identify Cause of Neurologic Symptoms

Testing cytokine levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may rapidly differentiate brain infections from other central nervous system (CNS) diseases, new research suggests.

November, 2 2018
Grief Tied to Death

The death of a loved one is a tragic and ultimately unavoidable experience that we all eventually face. Stories of spouses dying within days or even hours of each other are not uncommon. A recent study may explain why.

October, 29 2018
Cannabis Oil May Reduce Symptoms for People with Crohn’s Disease
October, 24 2018
Prenatal Fluoride Exposure Linked to ADHD in Kids

Prenatal exposure to higher levels of fluoride not only impairs cognitive development but also significantly increases the incidence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, new research shows.

October, 10 2018
Bariatric Surgery for Prepregnancy Weight Loss: A Safe Approach?

Obesity is harmful to everyone's health. But obesity during pregnancy places not only the mother at risk, but also the most vulnerable of all at risk—the fetus and newborn. Recent research finds that a common weight-loss surgery can significantly reduce the risk for birth complications

October, 17 2018
Early PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Recommended for African-American Men
October, 15 2018
The FDA Has Approved 3 Migraine Drugs... What You Should Know About Them
October, 8 2018
Exercise and Risk for Early Menopause: The Final Word?
October, 2 2018
Artificial Intelligence Can Help Doctors Diagnose Heart Defects in Infants
October, 1 2018
Transgender Teens at Significant Risk for Suicide

Transgender male adolescents attempt suicide at a significantly higher rate than other transgender groups or teens whose gender identity matches their birth sex, a new study reports. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second-leading cause of death among young people aged 15 to 19 years.

September, 28 2018
What the Latest Drug to Prevent Migraine Headaches Can Do
September, 24 2018
Forget the Bathroom... This Is the Place at the Airport with the Most Germs

The researchers found that while at least one respiratory virus was present on 10 percent of everything swabbed, the microbes that could make you sick were particularly common on items such as plastic security bins, card readers in shops, passport checking counters, staircase rails, and children’s play areas.

September, 12 2018
Childhood 'Bridge Symptoms' May Predict Adult Depression

For the first time, researchers have identified "bridge symptoms" in childhood that could be central indicators of anxiety or depressive disorders in later life. In the population-based study, investigators examined the network structure of emotional and behavioral symptoms among elementary school-aged girls in Quebec, Canada. They discovered that bridge symptoms, such as irritability and rejection, were associated with the development of anxiety disorders or major depression in early adulthood.

August, 15 2018
Too Much ‘Good’ Cholesterol Can Cause Health Problems

Researchers at Emory University School of Medicine in Georgia studied almost 6,000 people to discover the effect of cholesterol levels on the risk of heart attack and death.

September, 5 2018
Can a Baby Poop ‘Cocktail’ Really Improve Your Gut Health?

Researchers say a probiotic cocktail made from infant feces shows promise in increasing production of short-chain fatty acids in the digestive system.

August, 29 2018
IBD Symptoms May Be Eased by Substance Found in Marijuana

Researchers say a compound in cannabis may in essence “turn off” inflammation in the gut and help with inflammatory bowel disease. There may be a substance in marijuana that can “turn off” gut inflammation. And, if true, that could offer relief for millions of people experiencing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the University of Bath in England performed experiments on mice and human cells. They said they discovered that chemicals in cannabis, called cannabinoids, mimic a compound our bodies naturally produce to regulate gut inflammation. This process, they said, could be used to create more effective treatments for IBD, a chronic and painful illness.

August, 21 2018
New AI Platform Diagnoses Brain Disease in Seconds

An artificial intelligence (AI) platform accurately identifies acute neurologic events, such as stroke, from CT scans in as little as 1.2 seconds, new research suggests. If the findings are confirmed, this technology would radically speed the triage process by immediately alerting physicians to critical findings that may otherwise have remained in a queue from minutes to hours.

August, 13 2018
Inducing Labor at 39 Weeks Might Be Safer Than a C-Section… Here’s Why

According to a new study, inducing labor at 39 weeks can significantly reduce the chances of a woman needing a cesarean (C-section) birth. The research from Northwestern University was published last week in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). The study authors said that inducing labor at 39 weeks for first-time mothers can significantly reduce the odds of undergoing this invasive surgery.

August, 13 2018
Kidney Dialysis Can Raise Risk of Dementia in Older Adults

I spoke with Mara McAdams DeMarco, PhD, lead study author and assistant professor in the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University about her new study for Healthline.

August, 9 2018
Children Exposed to Drugs, Violence Experience Higher Incidence of HIV as Adults

Evidence suggests that exposure to certain types of mental and physical stress in adolescence may make it more likely that as adults they will practice behaviors that increase the risk of HIV infection. A longitudinal study conducted by the over 18 years, from Sept. 1994–May 2013, studied the effects exposure to illicit drug use, and violence had on adolescents in later adulthood.

January, 3 2018
Future of FMT May Depend on New AGA Registry

The first participant has been enrolled in the American Gastroenterological Association’s (AGA) fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) study, planned to be the largest of its kind.

January, 18 2018
Possible Obstacle to HIV 'Kick and Kill' Method Found

A new study conducted by George Washington University researchers found that latent HIV reservoirs are resistant to CD8+ T-cells, the white blood cells which eliminate infected cells. Current anti-HIV treatments are very effective at making HIV undetectable, allowing people living with the virus to live longer and healthier lives. These treatments use a class of medications to provide antiretroviral therapy (ART), which also dramatically reduces the possibility of person to person transmission.

January, 26 2018
Why Millennials Are Losing Their Hair Earlier

Stress, diet, and even hair treatments are among the possible reasons younger generations are noticing hair loss at an earlier age. Have you noticed that younger people seem to be losing their hair a lot sooner? It may not be your imagination. New research found that people in China in their 20s are going bald sooner than any generation before them.

January, 21 2018
The Discrimination LGBTQ People Still Face from Healthcare Providers

People with certain sexual orientations say healthcare providers can be reluctant to treat them, and health insurers discriminate against them in their policies. When it comes to accessing quality healthcare in the United States, people in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) community may still be experiencing discrimination due to their sexual identity or HIV status.

February, 21 2018
Anticholinergic Practice May Not Affect Tardive Dyskinesia

A systematic analysis of 712 references from the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials investigated the use or withdrawal of anticholinergic drugs in patients experiencing antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD). Guy Schwartz, MD, neurologist, assistant professor and director of the Movement Disorders Section in the Department of Neurology at Stony Brook Medicine, explained the significance of these findings to MD Magazine.

February, 16 2018
How Can Baby Boomers Become More HCV Aware?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), baby boomers are 5 times more likely to have hepatitis C (HCV) than other adults. Through IV drug abuse and unprotected sex, baby boomers have reported such high HCV rates, Gavin Cloherty, PhD, director of Infectious Disease Research for Abbott’s diagnostics business told MD Magazine.

February, 14 2018
Channel Blockers Show Promise of New HCV Treatment

Recently-published research has reported exploitable weakness in virus replication that could result in new broad-spectrum antivirals. The antivirals have the potential to revolutionize how infectious diseases like HCV are treated.

February, 3 2018
Weak Evidence for Vitamin E as Tardive Dyskinesia Treatment

A review of studies investigating the efficacy of vitamin E as a treatment for tardive dyskinesia (TD) has found weak evidence that it may improve the symptoms of TD. According to the lead study author, Hanna Bergman, PhD, the primary objective of this review was to determine if vitamin E provides a clinically significant improvement in people with schizophrenia or other chronic mental illness, who developed TD from taking antipsychotic medications.

February, 13 2018
HIV Testing Not a Big Concern for Millennials
New Multi-Drug Resistant Infection Guidelines Released

New expert guidance released January 11 by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) advises hospitals how to determine when they can most safely discontinue contact precautions (CP) for patients experiencing multi-drug resistant infections like Clostridium difficile (C. diff).

January, 25 2018
DAAs Make Possible Transplant of HCV Positive Organs

More than 100,000 Americans are on the organ donor list, and the vast majority need kidneys. Around 17,000 Americans actually receive a kidney transplant every year, while almost 5,000 die waiting. New research has reported that new DAA drugs may hold the key to making many more organs available to waiting patients.

February, 9 2018
Effectiveness of Fidaxomicin Versus Vancomycin for Clostridium Difficile Treatment

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is presently one of the largest drug-resistant threats to our population according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the severity and incidence have risen significantly in recent years.

January, 5 2018
Researchers Look at CAR-T Treatments for HIV

In a new study, the treatment that has shown promise in fighting cancer also was effective in battling the virus that causes AIDS. A new treatment that has shown promise in defeating cancer might eventually also be effective in battling the virus that causes AIDS.

January, 10 2018
How can baby boomers become more HCV aware?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), baby boomers are 5 times more likely to have hepatitis C (HCV) than other adults. Through IV drug abuse and unprotected sex, baby boomers have reported such high HCV rates, Gavin Cloherty, PhD, director of Infectious Disease Research for Abbott’s diagnostics business told MD Magazine.

February, 14 2018
Latent Viral Reservoirs Create Hurdle to HIV Cure

A new study conducted by George Washington University researchers found that latent HIV reservoirs are resistant to CD8+ T-cells, the white blood cells which eliminate infected cells. Current anti-HIV treatments are very effective at making HIV undetectable, allowing people living with the virus to live longer and healthier lives. These treatments use a class of medications to provide antiretroviral therapy (ART), which also dramatically reduces the possibility of person to person transmission.

January, 26 2018
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